Le cinéma de Robert Bresson : de l'effet de réel à l'effet de sublime

By Jean-Louis Provoyeur

Le cinématographe de Robert Bresson se veut aussi différent du cinéma que de l. a. littérature dont pourtant il s'inspire largement. los angeles différence se situe au niveau du récit. Au cinéma, los angeles caméra enregistre des acteurs jouant dans un décor. Le cinéma met le récit devant los angeles caméra, il en fait l'avantage du tournage : ce n'est là, pour Bresson, que du théâtre photographié. Le cinématographe en revanche est avant tout un montage : c'est l'interprétation du spectateur qui fait des photos et des plans enchaînés un récit, en quoi on reconnaîtra l'effet Koulechov. Le récit chez Bresson est l'après de l. a. imaginative and prescient et le dehors de l'image. De ce postulat, qui définirait l'essence du cinéma, il tire une série de conséquences qui vont constituer son cinématographe. Si c'est à l'endroit du spectateur que se fait le récit, pictures et plans peuvent être libérés de leur contenu narratif : ils sont dénarrativisés. Pour l'image et le montage, c'est l. a. fragmentation, los angeles métonymie, l'asyndète ; pour l'acteur, c'est sa transformation en " modèle ". l. a. dénarrativisation permet ainsi à Bresson d'obtenir un double effet : en gommant le récit, il ne reste que de l'insignifiant qui produira un effet de réel, et de l'énigme, qui produira un effet de sublime.

Presque tous les motion pictures de Robert Bresson sont tirés de récits écrits mais rien n'est plus spécifiquement cinématographique que le cinéma de Bresson. En nous interrogeant sur les rapports entre l'écrit et le movie et sur l. a. spécificité du cinéma par rapport à l. a. littérature, il est apparu que le cinéma de Bresson est marqué par l. a. fréquence toujours plus grande d'images privées de contenus narratifs, des photos que nous avons appelées " dénarrativisées" : Bresson fait un récit avec des photos qu'il veut le moins narratives attainable, contraignant ainsi le spectateur à reconstituer mentalement ou verbalement le récit. L'image est donc séparée du récit. Le récit (le sens) est son dehors. Bresson entend ainsi échapper à un style de cinéma qu'il refuse : le "théâtre photographié". Une telle pratique du cinéma est renforcée par l'interdiction faite aux acteurs de jouer : c'est los angeles caractéristique principale du "modèle" dont Bresson disclose longuement les principes dans ses "Notes sur le cinématographe". Le principe de dénarrativisation a deux effets : le foremost est de produire un effet de réel (et non, comme Bresson le soutient, de mettre le spectateur face au réel). L'effet de réel est en effet toujours le résultat d'une suspension du récit. Le moment effet est de produire un effet de elegant : le chic selon Kant est précisément ce qui échappe à l. a. représentation. Le sens de l'image, comme le récit, n'est pas dans l'image. L'image dénarrativisée prend ainsi une size métaphysique à l'intérieur d'un récit qui se veut toujours réaliste. Quant au chic chez Bresson, il concerne toujours l. a. mort qui, elle, n'est jamais représentée. l. a. dénarrativisation est donc le procédé formel qui, dans les motion pictures de Bresson, donne à l. a. mort sa size de mystère sacré et elegant.

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Hollywood Gothic: The Tangled Web of Dracula from Novel to Stage to Screen

By David J. Skal

The primal snapshot of the black-caped vampire Dracula has develop into an indelible fixture of the fashionable mind's eye. it is reputation issue competitors, in its personal perverse means, the familiarity of Santa Claus. such a lot folks can recite with out prompting the salient features of the vampire: dozing through day in its coffin, emerging at nightfall to feed at the blood of the residing; the power to shapeshift right into a bat, wolf, or mist; a mortal vulnerability to a wood stake during the center or a shaft of solar. during this seriously acclaimed expedition throughout the lifetime of a cultural icon, David Skal maps out the archetypal vampire's relentless trajectory from Victorian literary oddity to motion picture idol to cultural commidity, digging in the course of the populist veneer to bare what the prince of darkness says approximately us all.

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A Sense-of-Wonderful Century: Explorations of Science Fiction and Fantasy Films

This publication gathers jointly the various illuminating essays on technological know-how fiction and delusion movie penned by means of a massive critic within the SF box. The items are approximately equipped within the chronological order of whilst the flicks and tv courses being mentioned first seemed, with essays offering extra basic overviews clustered close to the start and finish of the quantity, to supply the general air of secrecy of a historic survey. even if this publication doesn't faux to supply a entire background of technology fiction and delusion motion pictures, it does intermingle analyses of flicks and television courses with a few discussions of comparable performs, novels, tales, and comedian books, fairly within the essays in this Island Earth and 2001: an area Odyssey and its sequels. Inciteful, pleasing, and entire of clever and witty observations approximately technology fiction and its occasionally curious courting with the visible media, those essays will either pride and entertain critics, enthusiasts, and audience alike.

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At the Limit of Breath: Poems on the Films of Jean-Luc Godard (Robert Kroetsch Series)

"I sought after this to be a story. So ultimately Jean-Luc went all of the manner: each line within the script a citation from in other places. each blessed line. Love does not die. it really is those who die. Love simply is going away." -from "NOUVELLE imprecise / New Wave (1990)" Stephen Scobie celebrates "the maximum movie director of his age" with poetry exploring forty four of Godard's motion pictures. sophisticated but profound unities play from poem to poem. Characters, destinations, pictures, and the beneficiant use of citation jump-cut and recur to ship the mind's eye reeling during the better works of either artists. Readers could be seduced to linger in the writing and inspired to hunt past, to Godard's personal oeuvre. The ebook is sharply predicted and punctiliously cadenced with a purpose to satisfaction readers who will not be accustomed to Godard's movies. these already conversant in Godard's paintings will locate on the restrict of breath a such a lot lucrative adventure.

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Cinefex, Issue 13 (July 1983)

Cinefex factor thirteen is an specific examine the behind-the-scenes tales regarding the making of go back of the Jedi. After studying this factor you'll recognize why it's often called the "Jedi Journal."

  • After spectacular audiences around the globe with the 1st installments in his famous person Wars saga, George Lucas got down to surpass even himself with go back of the Jedi. Doing so concerned not just bringing the center trilogy to a lovely and dramatic end, but additionally mustering forth the massive features of his oft-awarded results facility - business mild & Magic. because the most modern big name Wars access concerned extra results pictures - and of higher complexity - than both of its predecessors, and because the paintings will be compressed right into a slightly shorter time-frame, it used to be determined to separate ILM into 3 basic results devices. on the helm of every was once a pro big name Wars veteran - Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren and Ken Ralston. because the postproduction attempt improved, every one manager recorded a month-by-month account of the paintings because it built and altered, generating within the technique a desirable account of the way an important results construction comes jointly - the anticipation and making plans, the crushing workload, the delights and disappointments.
  • Cinefex (launched in 1980) is a quarterly specialist motion picture lighting tricks journal. it really is one of the first committed lighting tricks magazines ever produced, at a time the place laptop generated imagery results weren't as common.

    Cinefex can be one of the only a few magazines which don't put it on the market within fabric at the disguise, although another variation with this option is additionally in e-book to comply to this instruction between journal publishers. Cinefex can also be one of many few magazines that produces a separate model for subscribers that doesn't have a bar code imprinted on the entrance disguise, permitting the canopy photo to be seen unobstructed.

    Within its pages are available long and special articles in regards to the lighting tricks (both actual and CGI) of a definite upcoming motion picture, composed normally of assorted interviews with the folks concerned and paired with broad behind-the-scenes photos. Being a certified e-book, Cinefex additionally contains full-page ads for lighting tricks homes, in addition to acknowledgements and dedications, equivalent to obituaries.

    "Cinefex conveys to movie lovers a keenness for lighting tricks as soon as constrained in simple terms to its technical artisans. certain visible assurance and revealing insights into the leading edge of expertise make Cinefex required studying for a person drawn to the hot period of filmmaking." - George Lucas

    "Cinefex takes its readers on a dynamic behind-the-scenes trip during the filmmaking strategy. Its charm isn't really constrained to important results aficionados - in a truly genuine feel, Cinefex chronicles the movie industry's so much interesting and unheralded nation-states with compelling journalism and attractive visuals." - Gale Anne Hurd

    "Cinefex is the definitive chief in visible results journalism. via sophisticated chronicling of flicks within the making, it regularly interprets the expertise with enticing statement and specialist precision. In an the place reinventing the wheel could be a day-by-day proposition, Cinefex presents an articulate advisor to the interior track." - Dennis Muren

    "We are relocating towards a time while the single hassle on a filmmaker is his or her mind's eye. yet that may basically be precise if we remain abreast of the abilities and expertise the visible results has to provide. Cinefex is the only actual resource. learn it to extend your vision." - James Cameron

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    Studying Early and Silent Cinema

    In this obtainable creation to early and silent cinema, that's at present having fun with a renaissance, either academically and within the well known mind's eye because of The Artist, Keith Withall offers either a entire chronology of the interval until eventually the start of sound and likewise a chain of unique case reports at the key movies from the interval – a few renowned (including Griffith's The start of a country, Eisenstein's Strike and Chaplin's The Kid), a few probably much less good everyday (including Murnau's The final snicker and Oscar Micheaux's inside Our Gates). in addition to protecting intimately the key film-making figures and countries of the interval, the writer additionally presents insights into the in much less good documented parts. all through, the movies and film-makers are positioned within the context of speedy around the globe commercial switch. (Please be aware this booklet is a revised and improved model of Early and Silent Cinema: A Teacher's consultant, released by means of Auteur in 2007.)

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    An Eye for Hitchcock

    By Murray Pomerance

    Film pupil Murray Pomerance offers a sequence of attention-grabbing meditations on six motion pictures directed through the mythical Alfred Hitchcock, a grasp of the cinema. of the flicks are terribly recognized and were seen––and misunderstood––countless instances: North via Northwest and Vertigo. others, Marnie and Torn Curtain, were commonly omitted through audience and critics or thought of to be enormous errors, whereas others, Spellbound and that i Confess, have bought nearly no serious consciousness at all.

    In a watch for Hitchcock, those video clips are noticeable in a remarkable new means. Pomerance takes us deep into the constitution of Hitchcock’s imaginative and prescient and his reveal structure, revealing key parts that experience by no means been written approximately ahead of. Pomerance additionally truly finds the hyperlink among Hitchcock’s paintings and a wide variety of thinkers and artists in different fields, thereby delivering audience of Hitchcock’s movies the infrequent chance to work out them in an solely new light.

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    Surrealism and Cinema

    By Michael Richardson

    Surrealism has lengthy been regarded as having made a huge contribution to movie thought and perform, and lots of modern film-makers recognize its impact. lots of the severe literature, besides the fact that, focuses both at the Twenties or the paintings of Buuel. the purpose of this ebook is to open up a broader photograph of surrealism's contribution to the conceptualisation and making of film.Tracing the paintings of Luis Buuel, Jacques Prvert, Nelly Kaplan, Walerian Borowcyzk, Jan vankmajer, Raul Ruiz and Alejandro Jodorowsky, Surrealism and Cinema charts the historical past of surrealist film-making in either Europe and Hollywood from the Twenties to the current day. right away a serious creation and a provocative re-examination, Surrealism and Cinema is vital examining for a person drawn to surrealist rules and paintings and the historical past of movie.

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    The Devil's Candy: The Anatomy Of A Hollywood Fiasco

    By Julie Salamon

    When Brian De Palma agreed to permit Julie Salamon limitless entry to the movie creation of Tom Wolfe's best-selling e-book The Bonfire of the Vanities, either director and journalist should have felt like they have been directly to whatever enormous. How may perhaps it lose? yet as an alternative Salamon received a front-row seat on the Hollywood catastrophe of the last decade. She shadowed the movie from its early phases in the course of the final of the eviscerating studies, and met every body from the actors to the technicians to the studio executives. they would all signed on for a blockbuster, yet there has been a feeling of drawing close doom from the start—heart-of-gold characters changed Wolfe's satiric creations; affable Tom Hanks was once solid because the patrician heel; Melanie Griffith seemed mid-shoot with new, larger breasts. This riveting insider's portrait offers a undying account of an the place paintings, expertise, ego, and cash mix and conflict on a huge scale.

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    5001 Nights at the Movies (Holt Paperback)

    By Pauline Kael

    The clever person's consultant to the flicks, with greater than 2,800 reviews

    Look up a film during this advisor, and you might end up studying on concerning the subsequent motion picture and the following. Pauline Kael's studies are usually not simply provocative---they're addictive.

    These short, informative experiences, written for the "Goings On approximately city" element of the recent Yorker, offer a huge diversity of listings---a masterly severe background of yankee and international movie. this can be most likely the one motion picture consultant you might want to learn for the sheer excitement of it.

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